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Podiatrist - Cromwell
162 West St Ste K
Cromwell, CT 06416

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Posts for category: Toe conditions, toe pain

By Feet First Foot Care Specialists
February 01, 2021
Tags: toe pain   toe arthritis  

Some people can crack their toes the same way they can crack their knuckles. At Feet First Foot Care Specialists, we know for some of our Middlesex County patients cracking your toes may just be a habit. Still, if you experience cracking or popping your toes that is not intentional, it may be necessary to look closer. Below are 3 reasons your toes may crack or pop:

  1. Gas—no, not the intestinal kind but the type that builds up as tiny bubbles in the synovial fluid that lubricates your joints. When the joint pulls apart, the gas bubbles are released and pop, causing an audible cracking sound that you hear. It is completely normal and not a cause for concern.
  2. Injury—cracking toes may be due to an old injury re-aggravated or the sign that a new injury has occurred. Cracking or popping sounds, especially if accompanied by pain and swelling in the same toe, can be a sign of a broken toe. Our podiatrist, Dr. Adam Mucinskas, should check out these symptoms. The podiatrist will want to examine your toe and most likely will order x-rays or other imaging studies to see if the toe has suffered an acute or stress fracture. Although, in most instances, the treatment for a broken toe is minimal, there are cases where the injury is more complicated and requires greater intervention.
  3. Arthritis—toe cracking may also signal arthritis. Remember that arthritis is an umbrella term for over 100 different joint disorders, most of which will manifest by pain in the joints. If your toe noises are the result of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or another type. You may also notice stiffness, pain, swelling, changes in the appearance of your toe, and decreased range of motion.

It’s important not to ignore changes in your feet and ankles. If you are experiencing unusual toe cracking or any other discomfort, no matter how minor it may seem, don’t hesitate to contact our Cromwell office by calling 860-632-5499 to set up an appointment.

By Feet First Foot Care Specialists, LLC
May 30, 2018

Your toes are pretty amazing. Check them out! They cooperate together to help your body balance – if you were missing just one toe, you’d have to relearn how to do most activities. Can you imagine trying to dance without your big toe? It would be tough! That’s not to say that people don’t master those skills if they are missing a toe for whatever reason. Occasionally toes must be amputated because of injuries, infections, or diabetic complications. In those cases, a podiatrist can often build a custom orthotic to assist in “replacing” the lost toes.

Your toes are important and it’s important to take care of them. Check out some of the things that could happen if you don’t take proper care:

  • Bunions and Bunionettes – Painful bony protrusions can form on the outside of your feet. If they form on your big toe, they’re called a bunion. If they form on the base of your pinky toe, they are a bunionette. Either way, they hurt! They are often caused by shoes that are too tight, although genetics plays a role in their forming as well.
  • Hammertoe – Poorly fitting shoes can also lead to hammertoes. This deformity occurs on the second, third, or fourth toe. The middle joint of the toe is bent up, resembling a hammer.
  • Corns – Thickened patches of skin caused by rubbing or pressure from a shoe are called corns. Because of the unnatural positioning of the toe, hammertoe can often lead to corns.
  • Claw Toe – A claw toe is a similar deformity to hammertoe, but your toes bend in a different direction and the causes can be different. Claw toe is often caused by nerve issues associated with diabetes or alcoholism.
  • Athlete’s foot – If you’ve ever had that itchy, scaly, red skin between your toes, you know how uncomfortable athlete’s foot can be! Easily prevent this by keeping your feet clean and dry. Always wear shoes in public places like pools, gyms, or locker rooms.
  • Toenail fungus – Nails infected with fungus are discolored, brittle, and easily broken. The fungus can rise up and crack the nail bed. Toenail fungus can be very tough to treat and requires a podiatry visit immediately.
  • Ingrown toenails – Trimming your toenails correctly and wearing properly-fitting shoes are some of the best ways to prevent ingrown toenails. A proper trim is straight across and not too close to the nail bed.

Most of these toe issues can be prevented with a little extra vigilance and care for your toes. If you’re experiencing any pain or discomfort, or have noticed any changes in the skin or nail quality on your toes, we can help. Dr. Adam Mucinskas stays abreast of the latest technologies and treatments in podiatric medicine and can help get you on the path to healthy toes, feet, and ankles. To schedule an appointment at our convenient Cromwell, CT office, request one online or call us today at 860-632-5499.

By Feet First Foot Care Specialists, LLC
May 21, 2018
Tags: bunionette  

In a cartoon world, a bunionette would be the bunion’s cute female counterpart – complete with a polka-dot dress and a cute pink bow. In the sometimes harsh reality of our real world, however, bunionettes (also known as Tailor’s Bunions) are painful, bony protrusions that manifest on the outside of the little toe. Luckily though, bunionettes can potentially be prevented, and, if they’ve already appeared, there are a myriad of helpful treatment options.


What causes a bunionette?

Like bunions, bunionettes can be caused by wearing narrow shoes or high heels. These shoes squeeze your toes into a pointed box, putting pressure on the bony joints in your outer toes. Often, however, individuals can have a genetic predisposition to bunionettes. Some people’s feet naturally shift to protrude into a bunionette as they age.


Symptoms of bunionettes

Bunionettes start out as a mild bump on your little toe, with little to no noticeable pain. As the growth progresses though, the toes’ ligaments stretch and the tendons begin to pull away from the toes, causing the bump to enlarge and the bony protrusion to become inflamed. This can start to be quite painful! As the bunionette grows, the little toe becomes more crooked and shoes can become difficult to wear or walking can become uncomfortable.


How do you treat bunionettes?

Early treatment is always best, so if you notice a bump on your small toe, call your podiatrist! Prevention is the best treatment, so avoiding shoes that squeeze your feet and high heels is the best practice. Other treatment includes using an orthotic insert that can help correct the position of your foot. Padding, taping, or splinting the affected toe can also help to correct the position and reduce pain. Anti-inflammation drugs can help alleviate pain as well. 

For patients whose symptoms are severe enough that they have trouble performing day-to-day activities, surgery might be necessary. Surgery can correct misaligned bones, crooked toes, and help to address the large bump protruding from the foot. Most patients are able to walk after the procedure, but healing can take up to 8 weeks in most cases.

At Feet First Foot Care Specialists, we have treated bunionettes successfully for years. Dr. Adam Mucinskas has helped numerous patients resume their normal daily lives by working with their painful bunions. If you’re experiencing a painful protrusion on your feet, or any other foot or ankle issue, give us a call today to schedule an appointment at our conveniently located office in the Cromwell, Connecticut area: (860) 632-5499.

By Feet First Foot Care Specialists, LLC
March 08, 2018
Tags: hammertoes   orthotics  

Hammertoe generally affects the middle toe. The condition causes a misshaped joint at the location that controls whether the toe is straight or is in a bent position. Factors that increase the chances of this condition occurring are:

  • The type of footwear worn - if it is narrow and space constricting
  • An injury caused by trauma to the toes where the toe is jammed or broken, making the development of this condition more probable
  • If there is an irregular balance of the toe muscles that cause instability - this may be the result of genetic traits causing a misshaped foot.

Treatment for Hammertoes includes:

  • Wearing shoes that are both comfortable and spacious, keeping in mind to change shoes for children as they age since the size of their feet changes quickly.
  • Using open toe shoes or sandals to provide ample room for toes not to rub against each other or against the roof of the shoe.
  • Use of supportive devices such as orthotics which can help to redistribute pressure away from the toes.
  • Utilizing padding to cushion toes that may be bent, thereby preventing further damage.
  • Surgical procedures may be necessary if the bent joint does not straighten with conservative treatments. These procedures will be used to straighten the bent toe and will be more likely the longer the toe has remained in that bent position.

Hammertoes can be painful when fitting your feet in their normal shoes and when walking, depending on the severity of the condition. We recommend that you contact us for a consultation to determine the best choices for treating your hammertoes. Here at Feet First Foot Care Specialists, LLC located in Cromwell, CT, podiatrist Adam Mucinskas, D.P.M. utilizes the most effective treatment methods to help your toes regain their normal shape with the least amount of pain possible. Please make an appointment today by calling our office at (860) 632-5499 and look over our Patient Education section for helpful information about other foot conditions that may help you to avoid future complications with your feet.


By Feet First Foot Care Specialists, LLC
November 09, 2017
Tags: hammertoes   orthotics  

Hammertoes cause discomfort to your feet because they cause pain and can lead to significant deformities if not treated. Our podiatrist, Adam Mucinskas, D.P.M., has the experience and knowledge necessary to treat this condition at Feet First Foot Care Specialists, LLC, located in Cromwell, CT. Please call our office at (860) 632-5499 and don’t miss our Patient Education section for more detailed information about this and many other conditions to keep you up to date with how to care for your feet.


Hammertoes can cause toes to buckle due to the toe’s middle joint bending unnaturally. As usual, improper foot wear can help to cause this condition and also make it worse. This condition causes pain in the small toes, especially the one closest to the big toe, and makes the toe’s joint become set in a bent position. Specifically, pressure and friction occur on the toes against the insides of shoes. A hammertoe is caused by unevenness in the tendons that regulate the toes by straightening and bending them. This can be due to severe trauma caused by an injury or poorly fitting shoes. 


When hammertoes are not treated on a timely basis, they become worse and can develop calluses or corns due to the increased friction when the bent toes rub against the inside of the shoes. This can severely hinder mobility. Treatment for this condition involves using footwear that do not squeeze or place pressure on the ball of the foot as well as use of custom orthotics to provide support. Physical therapy can reduce the tightness in the tendons and build back the muscles in the feet affected by this condition. Surgery may be needed to loosen the tightened tendons or rebalance the tendons, correct the skewed bones and fuse damaged joints. Because this condition gets worse over time, it is imperative that you contact our office at the soonest chance you have. We will work to help stop the progression of your hammertoes and to make the needed changes necessary for your feet to feel good again!





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162 West St Ste K
Cromwell, CT 06416