(860) 632-5499

Podiatrist - Cromwell
162 West St Ste K
Cromwell, CT 06416

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Posts for: April, 2022

At Feet First Foot Care, our patients are our first priority. Our Cromwell, Connecticut office offers a full array of podiatric services to help you maintain healthy feet. You can read more on this page about specific services. We recommend anyone who experiences persistent foot pain to schedule an appointment with our board-certified podiatrist, Dr. Adam Mucinskas. To schedule an appointment at our office, call (860)-632-5499, or visit our website for more information. Foot bones connect to form one of the most complex parts of the body. Some health conditions, injuries, and general wear and tear can cause or contribute to conditions affecting foot bones. In this blog, we hope to inform our patients of the importance of maintaining healthy feet by sharing a brief overview of the anatomy of the foot.

Foot Bones and Anatomy

The human foot consists of 26 bones connected by many joints, muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Joints are where two bones meet. In the feet, each toe has two joints. The other four toes have three joints each. The muscles that control the movements of the foot originate in the lower leg attached to the bones in the foot with tendons. The foot divides into three sections:

  1. The forefoot contains the five toes (phalanges) and the five longer bones (metatarsals).
  2. The midfoot is a pyramid-like collection of bones that form the arches of the feet. These include the three cuneiform bones, the cuboid bone, and the navicular bone.
  3. The hindfoot forms the heel and ankle. The talus bone supports the leg bones (tibia and fibula), forming the ankle. The calcaneus (heel bone) is the largest bone in the foot.

Tendons are fibrous connective tissues that attach muscles to bones. There are three major tendons that help facilitate foot movement:

  1. Achilles tendon: This is the most notable tendon of the foot, which runs from the calf muscle to the heel. It is the strongest and largest tendon in the body that makes it possible to run, jump, climb stairs, and stand on your toes.
  2. Tibialis posterior: This tendon attaches the calf muscle to the bones on the inside of the foot and supports the arch of the foot.
  3. Tibialis anterior: This runs from the outer bone of the lower leg to the tarsals and first metatarsal, which enables dorsiflexion.

Ligaments are fibrous connective tissues that connect bone to bone. There are three primary ligaments of the foot:

  1. Plantar fascia: This is the longest ligament of the foot that runs from the heel to the toes to form the arch. The plantar fascia provides strength for walking and assists with balance.
  2. Plantar calcaneonavicular: This is a ligament that connects the calcaneus to the talus. It provides support to the head of the talus, which bears most of the body weight.
  3. Calcaneocuboid: This ligament connects the calcaneus to the tarsal bones. It helps the plantar fascia support the arch of the foot.

For most children, Spring means an increase in outdoor activities. At Feet First Foot Care, we want to remind our Middlesex County patients that increased participation in outdoor activities can also increase the risk of foot and ankle injuries. Many athletes (even young) sometimes are told to “play through the pain.” Overuse injuries are a major risk factor for young children whose bones are still growing.

Tips To Prevent Common Sports Injuries

  1. Get the appropriate safety gear – helmets, goggles, boots, and any other needed equipment are essential to keeping a child’s body protected and avoiding injuries during sports.
  2. Try to have your child be engaged in physical activities throughout the winter season – It’s important to gradually increase their fitness level as the sports season approaches and encourage your child to become more active.
  3. Keep kids hydrated – drinking plenty of water before and after sports prevents cramping and other issues. Plus, it’s an opportunity for your child to rest.
  4. The American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons states that rubber cleats are not necessary for children under 10 – alternatively children can use an all-purpose sports shoe.
  5. Pediatric heel pain is quite different from adult heel pain – it does not get better with walking around.

Foot and Ankle Injuries in Young Athletes

It is difficult for children to articulate when they are in pain, so it is important to always keep an eye on growing feet. Generally, injuries seen in younger athletes fall into three categories: injuries related to growth, overuse injuries, or acute presentations. Overuse injuries include Stress Fractures and Achilles Tendonitis.

  • 10% of all injuries in the ER are ankle sprains
  • 83% of ankle injuries are diagnosed as ligament sprains with incomplete tears
  • 90% of ankle sprains are due to poor playing field conditions (mainly because all fields are not created equal)

Don’t Ignore Your Child’s Foot Pain

Accidents do happen! Parents and coaches should be alert to a child limping on and off the field. Parents can watch for symptoms of common sports injuries, such as pain in daily activities, swelling, or bruising. If your child hurts their foot or ankle, schedule an appointment with our board-certified podiatrist Dr. Adam Mucinskas, so he can provide the best course of treatment. Call our Cromwell, CT office at (860) 632-5499 or visit our website for more information. 

At Feet First Foot Care, we want all our Middlesex County patients to enjoy the warmer weather and maintain a healthy lifestyle comfortably. Every April, the Foot Health Awareness initiative educates people about preserving the health of their feet. It is also the time of the year when people begin to trade in their boots for sneakers and sandals. To continue to keep your body and lower extremities healthy during National Foot Health Awareness Month and beyond, here are several ways you can develop healthy habits and keep your feet injury and pain-free. 


Schedule A Check-Up

Foot problems may result from poorly fitting shoes or an underlying health problem like diabetes or obesity. Symptoms may be obvious but, at other times, be less noticeable. If you or anyone you know is experiencing any pain or discomfort in the lower extremities, schedule a check-up appointment with your podiatrist. Our board-certified podiatrist, Dr. Adam Mucinskas, has been specially trained in diagnosing and treating foot and ankle conditions. 


Assess Your Current Footwear

Put your best foot forward this month by reviewing your footwear. The average person takes approximately 10,000 steps per day, nearly three million steps per year. It’s essential to find shoes that work for your feet. Shoes that work for you may be different for someone else. When figuring out which shoes work for you, start by asking yourself:

● “Are these shoes comfortable?” 

● “Do these shoes rub my feet anywhere?” 

● “Do I slip out of these shoes easily?”


Improve Foot Health

With 26 bones plus 33 joints, our feet serve as the foundation for the rest of our body. We recommend the following tips to maintain proper foot health:

● Inspect feet daily.

● Dry your feet and between your toes after showering to avoid fungal infections. Then, moisturize your feet and heels with a good lotion.

● Stretch your feet, ankles, and lower legs daily to keep the muscles strong and avoid injury.

● Maintain a healthy weight through diet and exercise. Excess weight puts pressure on the feet leading to general foot pain, heel pain, stress fractures, circulatory problems, and arthritis.

● Wear shoes with good support and a low heel.

● Don’t play doctor! If you suffer from a toe, foot, or ankle injury, seek medical attention from a podiatrist. The sooner you are treated, the better your outcome. 


To schedule an appointment at our Cromwell, Connecticut office, please call (860)-632-5499 or visit our website for more information. 

At Feet First Foot Care, every year on the first Wednesday in April, we celebrate National Walking Day. The American Heart Association sponsors this day to remind everyone of the health benefits of taking a walk. Getting outside is an important element in maintaining a healthy lifestyle. With warmer weather approaching, we want to encourage all our Middlesex County patients to “step into spring.” There are no running or special skills required. Walking for just thirty minutes a day will improve your overall well-being. Below you will find ways you and your loved ones can celebrate National Walking Day throughout the spring and summer.

Make Thirty Minutes Enjoyable

  • Wear comfortable clothes
  • Take a friend to pass the time
  • Get the right shoes
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Phone a loved one
  • Try and name all the sounds you hear

Other Ways to Walk More

  • Skip the elevator and opt for the stairs
  • Walk at lunchtime
  • Park further away. This gives you more time to walk!
  • Create active family time. Get everyone together for a walk after dinner.
  • Do your errands on foot (if possible)

Maintaining A Routine

Try to take thirty minutes out of your day to go for a walk. Go to a park near you or walk around your neighborhood. Bring your canine pal with you. They will enjoy the warm weather, and it is beneficial for their health as well! Alternatively, wear your sneakers to work and take a walk during your break. Purchasing a pedometer can be helpful to some people (you can see how many steps you can get—then aim to increase your daily average by 500 steps a day until you reach 10,000 steps a day!)

Get A Checkup

Regular exercise has many benefits to your feet and the rest of your body. Podiatrist Dr. Adam Mucinskas will give your feet and ankles a thorough examination and look for any developing problems. If you have a chronic foot problem, he will decide if you need to update your treatment plan. To schedule an appointment at our Cromwell, CT office please call (860)-632-5499 or visit our website for more information. 




Questions or Comments?
We encourage you to contact us whenever you have an interest or concern about our services.

Call Today (860) 632-5499

162 West St Ste K
Cromwell, CT 06416