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Posts for tag: hammertoes

By Feet First Foot Care Specialists, LLC
November 07, 2018
Category: foot facts

The condition of flat feet is characterized by a disappearance of your arch when you put weight on your feet, and the return of the arch when you remove that weight. Flat feet often start in childhood and typically affect both feet. If left untreated, there are many severe complications that could arise as the child grows into adulthood.

Common Flat Feet Complications:

  • Achilles tendonitis – the Achilles tendon, which runs from your calf muscle along the back of your heel, can stiffen due to flat feet. This can turn into a nasty injury.
  • Soft tissue injuries – your arch’s ligaments and soft tissues become stretched and inflamed and occasionally will tear due to flat feet. This can be extremely painful.
  • Deformities of the feet – bunions and hammertoes are likely to develop when the foot’s arches are not supported sufficiently.
  • Pain and discomfort – the tendons along your arches, ankles, and heels can become strained and very painful.
  • Pain in other areas – overpronation that comes with flat feet can lead to complications in your knees, hips, and your back.
  • Shin splints – untreated flat feet will lead to a higher occurrence of this painful condition that occurs in the shin bone area.

Flat Feet Treatment

Due to the wide range of severity and symptoms associated with flat feet, the condition must be thoroughly checked out by a podiatrist. For pain, NSAIDs can be taken under a doctor’s direction. Our office can also produce custom orthotics that will support your arches and realign your foot. Orthotics not only help to relieve pain, but also can correct issues with your knees, hips, and back. In severe cases of flat foot, surgery might be the best method to repair the foot. After surgery, the doctor might require physical therapy and immobilization with a boot.

If you’ve noticed flat feet in your child or if you’re having complications yourself, call our office today. Dr. Adam Mucinskas keeps up-to-date on all the latest podiatric health issues and utilizes state-of-the-art diagnostics and treatment techniques. Please give us a call today to schedule an appointment at our conveniently located office in the Cromwell, Connecticut area: (860) 632-5499.

By Feet First Foot Care Specialists, LLC
September 18, 2018
Category: Foot Care

As our bodies grow older, everything changes significantly including our feet! We use our feet a ton throughout our lives. Before turning 80, the average American will have walked over 100,000 miles! That mileage takes a toll on your feet. Here are a few things that happen as your feet age:

Increased discomfort:

Babies’ feet are pudgy and soft with a natural padding of collagen, elastin, and adipose. As we age, though, all of those agents diminish. The loss of cushioning can make long periods of standing or walking pretty painful.

Custom orthotics can help provide some comfort if you’re dealing with foot pain.


This painful, chronic disease causes joint inflammation. Your feet and ankles have more than 30 joints in them, which means that arthritis has a lot of places to strike. It usually comes with morning stiffness and a limited range of motion.

There’s no cure for arthritis, but custom orthotics and medication can ease the discomfort

Bunions and hammertoes:

These foot deformities are caused partially by genetics, but can also be caused when something forces your toes into unnatural positions. Pressure from incorrectly fitting shoes or other sources can shift the bones in your foot and cause painful bunions or hammertoes.

Comfortable shoes will reduce the risk. If the issue is advanced, then surgery might be your best option.


Diabetes can strike at any age, but the risk increases as we grow older. It often comes with diminished blood flow to your extremities, which can make your feet uncomfortably cold and cause cuts to not heal quickly. There are many other issues that come with diabetes, such as Peripheral Arterial Disease which is a restriction of blood vessels.

If you have diabetes, it is imperative that you check in with your podiatrist and regularly check your feet. Any changes in look or feel should be noted and reported to your foot doctor!

The best thing you can for your feet as they age is to keep a great relationship with your podiatrist. Dr. Adam Mucinskas here at Feet First Foot Care Specialists works with feet of all ages! He utilizes the most up-to-date technology for diagnostics and treatments of any foot or ankle issue you might be experiencing. Please give us a call today to schedule an appointment at our conveniently located office in the Cromwell, Connecticut area: (860) 632-5499.

By Feet First Foot Care Specialists, LLC
May 30, 2018

Your toes are pretty amazing. Check them out! They cooperate together to help your body balance – if you were missing just one toe, you’d have to relearn how to do most activities. Can you imagine trying to dance without your big toe? It would be tough! That’s not to say that people don’t master those skills if they are missing a toe for whatever reason. Occasionally toes must be amputated because of injuries, infections, or diabetic complications. In those cases, a podiatrist can often build a custom orthotic to assist in “replacing” the lost toes.

Your toes are important and it’s important to take care of them. Check out some of the things that could happen if you don’t take proper care:

  • Bunions and Bunionettes – Painful bony protrusions can form on the outside of your feet. If they form on your big toe, they’re called a bunion. If they form on the base of your pinky toe, they are a bunionette. Either way, they hurt! They are often caused by shoes that are too tight, although genetics plays a role in their forming as well.
  • Hammertoe – Poorly fitting shoes can also lead to hammertoes. This deformity occurs on the second, third, or fourth toe. The middle joint of the toe is bent up, resembling a hammer.
  • Corns – Thickened patches of skin caused by rubbing or pressure from a shoe are called corns. Because of the unnatural positioning of the toe, hammertoe can often lead to corns.
  • Claw Toe – A claw toe is a similar deformity to hammertoe, but your toes bend in a different direction and the causes can be different. Claw toe is often caused by nerve issues associated with diabetes or alcoholism.
  • Athlete’s foot – If you’ve ever had that itchy, scaly, red skin between your toes, you know how uncomfortable athlete’s foot can be! Easily prevent this by keeping your feet clean and dry. Always wear shoes in public places like pools, gyms, or locker rooms.
  • Toenail fungus – Nails infected with fungus are discolored, brittle, and easily broken. The fungus can rise up and crack the nail bed. Toenail fungus can be very tough to treat and requires a podiatry visit immediately.
  • Ingrown toenails – Trimming your toenails correctly and wearing properly-fitting shoes are some of the best ways to prevent ingrown toenails. A proper trim is straight across and not too close to the nail bed.

Most of these toe issues can be prevented with a little extra vigilance and care for your toes. If you’re experiencing any pain or discomfort, or have noticed any changes in the skin or nail quality on your toes, we can help. Dr. Adam Mucinskas stays abreast of the latest technologies and treatments in podiatric medicine and can help get you on the path to healthy toes, feet, and ankles. To schedule an appointment at our convenient Cromwell, CT office, request one online or call us today at 860-632-5499.

By Feet First Foot Care Specialists, LLC
March 08, 2018
Tags: hammertoes   orthotics  

Hammertoe generally affects the middle toe. The condition causes a misshaped joint at the location that controls whether the toe is straight or is in a bent position. Factors that increase the chances of this condition occurring are:

  • The type of footwear worn - if it is narrow and space constricting
  • An injury caused by trauma to the toes where the toe is jammed or broken, making the development of this condition more probable
  • If there is an irregular balance of the toe muscles that cause instability - this may be the result of genetic traits causing a misshaped foot.

Treatment for Hammertoes includes:

  • Wearing shoes that are both comfortable and spacious, keeping in mind to change shoes for children as they age since the size of their feet changes quickly.
  • Using open toe shoes or sandals to provide ample room for toes not to rub against each other or against the roof of the shoe.
  • Use of supportive devices such as orthotics which can help to redistribute pressure away from the toes.
  • Utilizing padding to cushion toes that may be bent, thereby preventing further damage.
  • Surgical procedures may be necessary if the bent joint does not straighten with conservative treatments. These procedures will be used to straighten the bent toe and will be more likely the longer the toe has remained in that bent position.

Hammertoes can be painful when fitting your feet in their normal shoes and when walking, depending on the severity of the condition. We recommend that you contact us for a consultation to determine the best choices for treating your hammertoes. Here at Feet First Foot Care Specialists, LLC located in Cromwell, CT, podiatrist Adam Mucinskas, D.P.M. utilizes the most effective treatment methods to help your toes regain their normal shape with the least amount of pain possible. Please make an appointment today by calling our office at (860) 632-5499 and look over our Patient Education section for helpful information about other foot conditions that may help you to avoid future complications with your feet.


By Feet First Foot Care Specialists, LLC
November 09, 2017
Tags: hammertoes   orthotics  

Hammertoes cause discomfort to your feet because they cause pain and can lead to significant deformities if not treated. Our podiatrist, Adam Mucinskas, D.P.M., has the experience and knowledge necessary to treat this condition at Feet First Foot Care Specialists, LLC, located in Cromwell, CT. Please call our office at (860) 632-5499 and don’t miss our Patient Education section for more detailed information about this and many other conditions to keep you up to date with how to care for your feet.


Hammertoes can cause toes to buckle due to the toe’s middle joint bending unnaturally. As usual, improper foot wear can help to cause this condition and also make it worse. This condition causes pain in the small toes, especially the one closest to the big toe, and makes the toe’s joint become set in a bent position. Specifically, pressure and friction occur on the toes against the insides of shoes. A hammertoe is caused by unevenness in the tendons that regulate the toes by straightening and bending them. This can be due to severe trauma caused by an injury or poorly fitting shoes. 


When hammertoes are not treated on a timely basis, they become worse and can develop calluses or corns due to the increased friction when the bent toes rub against the inside of the shoes. This can severely hinder mobility. Treatment for this condition involves using footwear that do not squeeze or place pressure on the ball of the foot as well as use of custom orthotics to provide support. Physical therapy can reduce the tightness in the tendons and build back the muscles in the feet affected by this condition. Surgery may be needed to loosen the tightened tendons or rebalance the tendons, correct the skewed bones and fuse damaged joints. Because this condition gets worse over time, it is imperative that you contact our office at the soonest chance you have. We will work to help stop the progression of your hammertoes and to make the needed changes necessary for your feet to feel good again!





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162 West St Ste K
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